There are no definitions specified in this episode 🙂


Coerce - to persuade an unwilling person to do something by using force or threats.

Conspicuous - clearly visible and attracting notice or attention.

Democracy - a way of governing which depends on the will of the people.

Intrinsic value - a measure of what an asset is worth.

Marginalised - to treat a person, group, or concept as insignificant or peripheral.

Max Weber - German sociologist and political economist.

Monopoly - the exclusive possession or control of the supply of or trade in a commodity or service.

Totalitarian regime - a form of government and a political system that prohibits all opposition parties, outlaws individual and group opposition to the state.


Bureaucracy - a system of government in which most of the important decisions are taken by state officials rather than by elected representatives.

Charles Tilly - an American sociologist, political scientist, and historian who wrote on the relationship between politics and society.

Civil servant - someone who works within a government department.

Concentration camps - a place in which large numbers of people, especially political prisoners or members of persecuted minorities, are deliberately imprisoned in a relatively small area with inadequate facilities, sometimes to provide forced labour or to await mass execution.

Conscription - compulsory enlistment for state service, typically into the armed forces.

Ecological - relating to or concerned with the relation of living organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings.

European Union - a unique partnership between 27 European countries, known as Member States, or EU countries.

Infrastructure - the underlying foundation of a place, including transportation systems, communication networks, sewage, water, and school systems.

Islamic state - ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria), also known as ISIL (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant), is a Sunni jihadist group with a particularly violent ideology that calls itself a caliphate and claims a religious authority over all Muslims.

Jerusalem - a holy city for Jews (see also Jews), Christians (see also Christian), and Muslims; the capital of the ancient kingdom of Judah and of the modern state of Israel. The name means ‘city of peace.’

Napoleon - Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military commander and political leader.

Neolithic - relating to or denoting the later part of the Stone Age, when ground or polished stone weapons and implements prevailed.

Superstate - a large and powerful state formed from a federation or union of nations.

Surplus - an amount of something left over when requirements have been met; an excess of production or supply.


Agriculture - the science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products.

Colonised - establishing political control over a place.

Declaration of independence - the founding document of the United States.

Domesticate - tame (an animal) and keep it as a pet or on a farm.

George Washington - 1st President of the United States and commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution (1732-1799).

Ideology - a system of ideas and ideals, especially one which forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy.

John Adams - an American statesman, attorney, diplomat, writer, and Founding Father who served as the second president of the United States from 1797 to 1801.

Liberal - willing to respect or accept behaviour or opinions different from one's own; open to new ideas.

Population density - the number of population per unit of total land area of a country.

Progressive - favouring social reform.

Propagated - to spread and promote an idea, theory, etc, widely.

Repressive - inhibiting or restraining personal freedom.

Thomas Jefferson - an American statesman, diplomat, lawyer, architect, philosopher, and Founding Father who served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809.

Zoology - the scientific study of the behaviour, structure, physiology, classification, and distribution of animals.